• Atherosclerosis is a medical condition in which plaque builds up on arteries, leading to hardening and narrowing of the arteries.
• This can lead to an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, or other cardiovascular problems.
• Treatment for atherosclerosis includes lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, as well as medications and surgery.

What is Atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a medical condition in which plaque builds up on artery walls, leading to hardening and narrowing of the arteries. This can increase a person’s risk for heart attack, stroke, or other cardiovascular problems.

Causes of Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis develops over time due to a combination of factors including high cholesterol levels, smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, and genetics. These factors can damage the inner lining of arteries and cause plaque to form on their walls. The plaque consists of fatty deposits that contain cholesterol and other substances from the body’s cells. Over time this buildup causes the artery walls to become thickened and hardened (atherosclerotic plaques). The plaques may also partially or completely block blood flow through the artery resulting in decreased oxygen supply to organs like the heart or brain.

Symptoms of Atherosclerosis

The symptoms of atherosclerosis range from mild to severe depending on how much damage has been done by the plaques in terms of blocking blood flow throughout the body. Common symptoms include chest pain (angina), shortness of breath (caused by reduced oxygen supply), fatigue, leg cramps when walking (due to reduced oxygen supply), stroke symptoms such as sudden confusion or dizziness/vertigo, irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) caused by narrowed coronary arteries leading to reduced blood flow near your heart muscle tissue etc., and pain in your legs due to narrowed peripheral arteries reducing blood flow there too.

Diagnosis & Treatment

Diagnosis begins with a physical exam followed by tests such as imaging scans like CT scan/MRI scans or angiography tests that help doctors identify any areas where there is significant narrowing or blockage due to atherosclerotic plaques causing decreased blood flow through those vessels supplying oxygenated blood around your body’s organs & tissues. Treatment includes lifestyle modifications such as dieting & exercising along with medication regimes designed specifically for each individual patient situation & severity level – low-dose aspirin therapy + cholesterol-lowering drugs are commonly prescribed medications that help reduce risks associated with developing further complications from this chronic condition over time if left untreated/unmanaged properly by healthcare providers . In more severe cases where major blockages exist surgery may be necessary if all else fails; endovascular procedures involve laser ablation/stenting techniques used during surgeries that have proven successful at restoring normal functioning vascular infrastructure systems back into place inside patients’ bodies successfully over recent years too nowadays thankfully!

Prevention

The best way to prevent atherosclerosis is by making healthy lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking/tobacco use altogether; eating healthy foods low in saturated fat & cholesterol; maintaining a healthy weight; getting regular physical activity; monitoring your blood sugar levels closely if you have diabetes ; taking medications prescribed by your doctor(s); & keeping regular follow-up appointments so that any new developments can be caught early & managed appropriately before they become more serious issues later down road potentially given enough time unfortunately still sometimes sadly yes…

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